A Quick Guide to Cataracts

by Sep 19, 2016

If you know anything about eye health, you have probably heard of cataracts disease. You may not know exactly what it is, what causes it or what you can do about it but you can learn more about it to ensure your eyes remain as healthy as possible for as long as possible.

Types of Cataracts

Cataracts, which is the term for clouding of the eye’s lens, present themselves as one of three types. Subcapsular cataracts occur at the back of the eye’s lens and are common in diabetics. Nuclear cataracts are deep in the nucleus of the lens and are most common in those who are aging. Finally, cortical cataracts start in the periphery of the lens before working toward the center.

Symptoms and Causes

Cataracts may not be noticeable at first because they start out small and do not affect your vision right away. The first symptom many people notice is that sunlight or lamplight seems too bright. Oncoming headlights at night may also seem bright, but colors will not seem as vibrant as they used to. The type of cataract will determine exact symptoms.

Most people who get cataracts do so because of aging. Although researchers aren’t exactly sure why they form, they have determined some risk factors make development more likely.

  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Prolonged use of steroid medications
  • Previous eye injuries
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • High myopia
  • Hypertension
  • Family history

Prevention and Treatment

While there is no guaranteed way of preventing cataracts, you can maintain your overall health to maintain eye health. This includes not smoking and keeping a healthy weight. Vitamin E may also help to prevent the disease, so be sure to eat plenty of leafy greens.

Treatment for cataracts typically includes strong bifocals and other visual aids, but they do not help the problem forever. Some people have surgery, which is typically successful in restoring vision.

If you believe you may be suffering from cataracts, you should speak to your doctor about getting an eye exam in Conshohocken, PA to determine a treatment plan.

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